Flapping flight provides the high maneuverability necessary for operation in a partially structured indoor environment. To achieve robust intelligence for tasks such as search and indoor navigation, the maneuverability of the ornithopter will be combined with a learning approach which makes minimal assumptions about the nature of disturbances and obstacles. This approach will develop optimal control policies for single or multiple vehicles. Based on globally optimal distributed reinforcement learning, we propose to develop algorithms for a set of ornithopters to cooperate in sensing and navigation among unmodelled obstacles such as doors and walls. Our research will be verified with full three dimensional dynamic simulation, a multi-tethered laboratory test-bed, as well as with actual indoor flying ornithopters.
Cooperative Control for Window Traversal with an Ornithopter MAV (Mar. 2013)
We demonstrate cooperative target-seeking between a 13 gram ornithopter, and a lightweight ground station using computer vision. The H2Bird features a carbon fiber airframe, tail rotor, and elevator, and carries a 2.8 gram payload. The ground station provides heading estimates to the ornithopter using a real-time motion tracking algorithm. A model accurately predicts the backwards reachable region for flight through narrow passages. Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS2013).
We demonstrate autonomous flight control of 13 gram ornithopter capable of flying toward a target without any remote assistance. For this demonstration, we have developed a closed-loop attitude regulator for the ornithopter using onboard sensing and computational resources. MovieIROS 2011.
BOLT: Bipedal Ornithopter for Locomotion Transitioning (Sept. 2011)
Bolt is a 13 gram ornithopter with legs for mixed-mode locomotion. In running modes, wings provide passive stability. With wing assisted running, BOLT can run at 2.5 m/sec while maintaining ground contact. IROS 2011.
Altitude Regulation of iBird (Sept. 2010)
We identify free flight aerodynamic forces at a stable equilibrium point of an ornithopter and compare them with the tethered flight aerodynamic forces. We developed a closed-loop altitude regulation for the ornithopter using an external camera and onboard electronics. The results show that the tethered aerodynamic force measurement of a 12 gram ornithopter with zero induced velocity underestimates the total flight force by 24.8 mN. Movie (1.1 MB .avi)
Image Proc 2.2 CPU (August 2010)
Image Proc 2.2 design revision by Stan Baek. Board contains cell phone, gyro, accelerometer, 802.15.4 radio, and 2 channel motor driver in 1.4 grams.
Commercially available iBird hover capable ornithopter equipped with ImageProc dsPIC33 CPU board. Total mass12 grams.
Efficient Resonant Drive of Flapping (Oct. 2009)
Optical Flow on an Ornithopter (Oct. 2009)
Due to the pitching motion of flapping flight, optical flow has a large superimposed velocity component. This component can be sampled at the wing flapping frequency to recover the underlying signal. IROS 2009
Commercially available VAMP ornithopter with custom low mass electronics. Total mass is approximately 13 grams, including Bluetooth and cell phone camera.
ImageProc 1 CPU (2008)
PIC CPU with Omnivision camera, design by Fernando Garcia Bermudez. Schematic ImageProc v1.0